To mark the 60-year anniversary in ESG 2006 Enstanden this "History of the ESG in Heidelberg". So when we 1946 celebrated as the birth of ESG, we must add, student communities that already some time before, as Deutsche-Christliche-Studenten-Vereinigungen, were. Surprising is not that. Students at universities, often the first time for a long time not at home, Search for Contacts, for friends, for an entourage, in which they feel comfortable and familiar to them occurs. Thus, there are also Christians together in their study time to a community.
1938 these associations have been prohibited, However, they were living underground since together with the 1934 existing student groups of the Confessing Church. This merger marked the beginning of the Protestant student community in Germany.
A very clear impression of the situation, in the Heidelberg student community has been in this period, give memories of Kurt Wiegering, the first Heidelberg student pastor, from 1946-52, was still in the middle of your studies.
The background is liable to a student's room under the roof of the old house demolished Theological Study on the Neckar. From the dormer windows, we had to burn the synagogue over there to see. Now - just before the war - we were very sociable interrogated by the secret police. We were considered the head of the German Student Christian Association ", which was dissolved as a politically dangerous. In fact, we were in the bible-circles of these erweckungschristlichen student movement […] the support of the Confessing Church among the students. […] We were prepared for interrogation and search, because in the weeks before, I secretly had an "Arm", a course, visit, to a new student with the trust chaplain Dr. And. Köhnlein cooperate. Under the protection of the Church, we should continue working legally as a student community. […] Because of the war through, we have gathered again to the Bible, Encouraged by the "apostolic" newsletters Eberhard Muller, the student pastor at Tubingen. Was it surprising, that the survivors from the war, when young flak helpers, Nachrichtenhelferinnen, Hospital nurses and students received the study, also formed in Heidelberg Protestant Student Community?
After the war, the student community was again recognized by the University and supported.
Ladies and gentleman!
I am very, To be able to tell you, that the Senate has approved at its meeting yesterday, the restoration of student counseling, and at the same time agreeing to, She conceded that in the course catalog will be conducted as a student pastor and also the bulletin board for your attacks and if necessary, auditoriums for lectures given. (There Rektor der Universität Heidelberg, October 1945)
High turnover and constant change of the students then led again and again to, that the student community was changing and there are new forms of community life and social practice.
Back to the top, she lived as a migrant community without a permanent office within the city. Kurt Wiegering writes in his memoirs this:
Those who wanted to find us, pressed on Wednesday evening in the tiled foyer of the Town of St. John's Church, Neuenheim. There were tolerated us, as the room itself was clean and well heated. […] The orientation to the Bible's message was among the students of Martin Dibelius and Gerhart of Council not hasty simplification. But the question of the, which has proven to be genuine and sustainable, strong among the people was boundless, who had experienced life in wartime, cruel and sweet at the same time. Getting out of the great deception, without falling into the same new one, constrained by the wretched poverty is indispensable, ready, commit themselves to each other: that they were, often the same age and equal partners of the student pastor. […]
Others were actively. Many, the Christian faith was not acceptable, helped conscientiously, Food, Kleiderspenden, To provide scholarships, or sit for a Diplaced Persons and got himself elected in AStA. […]
The "pious Spoon" offered a lunch with donations of American Christians. […] Students in the primitive kitchen rendered incredible. I have lists, Who abklopfte the villages along the mountain road up to the Kraichgau, to stupfeln to vegetables or potatoes "". […]
We celebrated my heart. At the Castle we have the May anges, with madrigals of Kurrende and dancing through the courtyard. So much had shrunk in uniformity or legally taboo. Whether one was allowed to invite the community to dance in that summer Schlosskasino?
With its own shelter, St. Peter's Abbey, the so-called "home on the old bridge", came the first major changes to.
Just like its predecessor, the students learned priest of the years 1952-1956, Albrecht von Mutius, The ESG is already familiar with her as a student and the Ecumenical Study Group, had a very long time an important role in the ESG played.
On 4. July 1947 is a former German officer, just been released from American captivity, in the student ministry of Heidelberg and ask for a room. The student pastor greeted him and asked spontaneously: "What you have before this evening? Do you want to come to a round table with a group of Oxford students, that is currently on a visit?"So I meet for the first time the ecumenical student movement. […] From the annual meetings with the Oxford group of Christian Students Movement, the idea of "work camps" is growing: In Neckarzimmern zB. is expanded the local Youth. Later, 1953, in Crawley / South of England, the students put on the church property of the new satellite town of London, the routes and Gardens. This combination of Supplies, Bible Study, boisterous merriment and serious talks overcame the mere intellectuality, students often suffer from the, brought together human, allowed to grow friendships, but also widened the eyes to the world of Christendom in mental responsibility, political and social relations beyond its own horizon,.
As the Heidelberg students then invited to this ecumenical community work-camp, went to William Field, to create there own hand in the development of the student community recreation center. The walk up to the "August-Winnig House", by the two Studentenpfarrern even staked and constructed by students, was celebrated as 'Oxford Street' inaugurated. But the name of this house - August Winnig after the labor leaders of the 20s - shows a further operating range of the student community of Heidelberg: cooperation with the industrial work of the "men's work" of the National Church of Baden. […] Through a series of intensive retreats with workers, we tried to bridge the gap, always exists between academics and workers.
The continuing long tradition of William Freizeitheim field has 1954 initiated during the tenure of Pastor Albrecht von Mutius. The V-student, Louise Johow remembers following:
Great popularity enjoyed by the many camps offered. That got us home in August-Winnig Wilhelmsfeld available. Tagungsbeitrag 5 DM is on the yellowed Invitation. If you still on the transport by bus and instead resigned zurückwanderte white stone on the back and on the pretty Peterstal, was a relatively inexpensive getaway. Sister Louise, The Deaconess, there turned and held sway, Excellent cooking. The fact, that our pastors as they came out of the Markgräflerland and therefore it was an opportunity, to chat right "", namely markgräflerisch, assured us their special kindness and his, if it was tuned very well, a noble Efringer drops.
A big highlight was then 1955 the entry into the Max-Weber-Haus, 1847 Built, after the death of the wife of Max Weber, Marianne Weber, the ESG has been awarded.
After a thorough renovation […] we inaugurated it with joy in the autumn 1955. It contained three medium-sized rooms for events of small districts and a larger bright room with a balcony and a magnificent view of the Neckar, Town and castle. I can not count, Folie 4 how many times we sat here before and after events - discuss, talking or just grabbed some fresh air. This was sometimes necessary, because for some speakers at the town hall at night is not enough. We had to put speakers in the hall and call on the stairs as seating. The Wednesday evening was kept free from all circles and small groups for the Gemeindabend. Already in the afternoon filled the house and was abandoned by many, often after midnight. […]
The home was led by the amiable lady of Grunelius, The friendly, But the whole thing in order was determined.
These memories are from Louise Johow, Walter married soon Eisinger, the 1956 used as an interim pastor vicar. Therefore, they are most familiar with rather than Louise Eisinger.
Late 50s the first foreign student confidence before Hal Ronning was involved in community work.
In the early 60s the first foreign student was pastor of the Federal Republic, The Japanese Akira Satake, His place in Heidelberg.
Very busy at the time were also the University of worship in St. Peter's, as Martin Schröter, Studentenpfarrer 1956-1965, reported white:
The University of worship is worship in midweek as well as a center of student community. Here, gathered every Sunday 500 until 600 Students, many of them, which does not include the student community. And since Sunday afternoon is usually cooked his soup not itself, it's done together after church.
This long-standing ties to St. Peter's, has been following the II. World War, the reconstruction of the church shown. ESG students put away the burning debris and covered the roof of new.
And it has already 1950 dreamed of a town hall next to St. Peter's, as shown in the adjacent drawing:
According to Martin Schröter A lot has changed. About the student movements are most bescheid know. Approaches of political movements have not earlier than 1968 shown.
40ziger end of the year, a partnership with ESG-Greifswald, for which there was finally a separate working group. He had with the political problems growing, to fight the East-West division and the Wall, the exchange difficult. Again and again had to be submitted applications to the University Rector's Office ...
9. July 1962
As you well know, Heidelberg has the Protestant Student Community for many years a lively connection with the student community in Greifswald. Up until 1 ½ years we have been able in some cases even be together in Greifswald. In this exchange as students and sometimes professors of the Theological Faculty were heavily involved.
This coming weekend will be the following theologians from the student community with some theology students from Greifswald in mackerel pen in Berlin- Weissensee meet: …
Travel expenses will be reimbursed from state funds, if there is an encounter for travel authorization from the Rector. Ask for this authorization, is the purpose of this letter.
Walther Eisinger sees in this conflict and the beginnings of political movement on the part of students of ESG.
The "political mandate" of the community was not looking for it; it grew by itself in him in through the perceived with the utmost attention "sponsorship" with the Griefswald Student Community. Exchange visits, through joint discussions increased the feeling of unity of the Christian community in East and West. The rearmament of the FRG and the GDR were critical topics of conversation. The theme of "PEACE" was in a community of weeks 11.-17. June treated, with professors and students from all faculties involved […].
The theme of "Politics and the Church" should consider later deep wounds in the memories of many ESG'ler. For by no means all high offices of the church were convinced of the emerging political commitment ESGN. Even the setting of St. Peter's chapter on this subject was very different from those of students. Therefore is directly related to the student movements and the growing gap between ESG and St. Peter's Church. Student pastor Paul Gerhardt Schmidt has in the years 1968 until 1971 have a completely different picture of the cooperation between St. Peter and ESG perceived:
Quite ambivalent designed, the ratio of students to St. Peter's community, the University of worship and not least the chapter of St. Peter's, whose work has been at best tolerated and Events.
What this means for the student community? Wolfgang Stegemann, Municipal 1968, writes, how this sharp conflicts within the ESG formed and left the town more and more students.
I would have to briefly outline the progress of the relationship of the ESG - St. Peter's Church. Because obviously they have never been completely canceled. Example, it was experimented, to be designed during the summer break - Sunday night - including student services. The participation was low, the indulgence of those very, The only question at all as a holiday worshipers came, The student experiments with even lower. Then we moved "our" worship services in the ESG - where are the non-students even now no one dared.
Many critical students - as they were then - had now migrated from the service, and ESG.
Students also left pastors either themselves after only a short tenure, the church or her resignation was forced by student page, such as the student minister Prof. Bockmühl in February 1968.
Nevertheless, there was not only dark side at this time. In addition to the transformation of the basement to the pub, the establishment of the ESG-kindergarten 1970, to the 76 consisted of the dance circle and put the incidence of Susanne von Imhoff new wind in the ESG.
It was the ecumenical working group of political night prayer.
Susanne von Imhoff occupied as a social worker, the second pastor 1972-76. She also sat down strongly for the political freedoms of ESG'ler, what it was so popular among students. The Oberkirchenrat however refused for this reason, her job after 76 to extend, which did not prevent many efforts of former students. 1973 Elizabeth Schmidt was hired as a secretary, und ist uns über 30 Jahre treu geblieben. In the next few years, the boy emerged and Choir, among others, the AK's, homosexuality "and" Clops' - Christian Lifestyle, environmental problems and structural.
However, this period was marked by constant conflicts within the ESG, In the course of a part of the community and AKs from ESG ESG as an autonomous 1992 abspaltete. After 10 Years of stubborn independence solves it only as a last aESG Germany 2002 on.